Watercolor is such a magical medium! I love it. As I sit and paint I often think that no matter what the subject – a landscape or illustration – the painting process is similar. There are basic concepts that apply to almost every painting.
If you are new to watercolor – welcome! Think about these concepts as you paint:
Basic Watercolor Concepts
- Work light to dark.
- Work wet to dry.
- Work bigger brush to thinner brush.
- Build up the layers of paint, remembering tips 1-3. Allow time for paint to dry between layers.
- Unless you want colors to bleed into one another, do not paint next to wet paint.
- Find opportunities in your subject for the bleeding and blending of colors – that is the magical quality of watercolor!
Basic Watercolor Concepts explained
1-3. Work light to dark. Work wet to dry. Work bigger brush to thinner brush.
When you begin a painting your brush should be fairly wet (with paint and water). The paint should glide onto the paper. You can even wet the page or an area of the page with water before you touch the brush to the wet surface.
These beginning blobs are the first layer of your painting. Usually they are the lighter colors. After they dry you can add more paint on top of them. With each layer your brush should be less drippy, so you can paint finer and finer details. With a drier brush the paint spreads less when it touches the paper.
4. Build up the layers of paint
The stages of a watercolor painting are like a camera coming into focus. The first layer is blurry. Each layer gets more and more crisp and detailed. Let the paint dry before adding another layer, so it doesn’t bleed into the last layer. As you paint the later layers, work with a thinner brush. It makes it easier to paint fine lines.
5-6. Watercolor bleeding and blending
When you want it to happen, the bleeding and blending of colors is beautiful. It creates such interesting effects. The watercolor paint is doing the work for you! Think reds and greens bleeding into one another to create fall foliage. When you don’t want this happen, let paint dry before adding wet paint near it.
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