Watercolor for Beginners

Tips on painting waves in watercolor


For years I wondered how do you capture the ocean with paint? I decided to figure it out and painted the ocean over and over (and over). I learned and improved with each painting. Years later I still enjoy painting the ocean. 

Coastal inspired art | watercolor seascape by Eileen McKenna

Here are my top tips for painting waves:

Study your reference photo. 

To accurately paint or draw any subject you have to study that subject to really see the details  – colors, lights and darks, shapes, composition, etc.

Identify the main colors and where the colors change.

  • Often the distant ocean is a darker blue. As the water gets closer it gets lighter and greener.
  • Near the breaking waves, where the sand is being churned up, the water is greener.
  • The shallow water close to the shore is brown.

Horizontal Strokes

After painting your base colors use a flat brush to add horizontal lines.  Horizontal strokes in your painting make things look flatter. You can add dark thin horizontal strokes on top of the distant ocean color (waves in the distance). Add thicker strokes for cresting waves near the break area (where the waves are breaking).

Painting a crashing wave in watercolor

Useย White Gouacheย 

Use White Gouache to add waves in the distance, crashing waves, foam etc.ย 

Painting Waves in the distance

  • Simply use a flat brush to add distant breaking waves

Painting Crashing waves

  • Use gouache to create the crashing waves. Your brush strokes should mimic the motion of the wave.
  • Add grey shadows within the breaking wave to add depth.
  • Use a dry brush or blot with a tissue to create spray coming off the wave

Painting foam

  • Paint the water near the shore brown and use white gouache to add the foam on top of it.
  • A dark brown line at the edge of the foam makes it look thicker and more realistic. You can soften the line with a damp brush.
Blue Wave #11 by Eileen McKenna https://shop.eileenmckenna.com/

Want to learn more?

I share my step by step process for painting seascapes in watercolor. Choose the format that works best for you:

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Printable Watercolor Seascape Tutorial
Easy Watercolor Seascape online video lesson for beginners

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Author: Eileen McKenna {my creative resolution}

Watercolor Artist. Receive "Watercolor Basics" pdf download at visit: https://mycreativeresolution.com/newsletter/ and start learning watercolor today!

22 thoughts on “Tips on painting waves in watercolor

  1. Great tips. Thanks for sharing, Eileen!

  2. Waves are always tricky. Good practical tips!

  3. Thanks for the tips and links. Look forward to checking out!!

  4. Thanks for sharing your learnings Eileen ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿผ

  5. Pingback: Having the time to experiment | my creative resolution

  6. Pingback: Tips and tools that prove invaluable | my creative resolution

  7. Pingback: Capturing the Ocean in Watercolor | my creative resolution

  8. Thanks. It motivates me to start painting again

  9. I’m inspired to paint again, thanks to you!

  10. I’m inspired to paint again, thanks to you!

  11. Thanks for your help I really enjoyed your tutorial!

  12. Pingback: Process for Painting the Beach in Watercolor |

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